Baked foods, namely brownies, have long been a preferred delivery method for consuming marijuana, a cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant (Cannabis-sativa) which contains the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It also contains cannabidiols (CBD), compounds associated with relaxation, pain relief, improved sleep, positive mood, better memory and stress response.
Attitudes towards these substances are changing with the legalization of marijuana from state to state. Today, 11 states have legalized the substance for recreational use and 33 for medical use. CBD, the non-psychoactive compound in hemp, is legal to some degree in 46 states, and cannabis data and research firm Brightfield Group found that CBD sales reached $5.3 billion in 2021. , a 15% increase from 2020. The company predicts CBD sales will reach $26 billion by 2026.
Despite this growth and demand, there is still a long way to go for ingredient technology to develop to make it safe, consistent and effective in baked foods.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recognized hemp-derived cannabis ingredients containing less than 0.3% on a dry weight basis of THC and CBD as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for human products such as tinctures and extracts in December 2018.
“While the 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp, the FDA has not approved the use of hemp-derived CBD in foods and beverages,” said Hilary Brown, Director of Technical and Analytical Services, SōRSE Technology. . “Despite this, CBD-infused products are on the market. Some states, such as California, have taken steps to approve the use of CBD in food and beverages and have created regulations for this use.
Hemp-derived CBD ingredients can be used in a wide range of products; all types of baked food are popular delivery vehicles.
“Product developers are creating CBD-infused products that replicate the formats consumers are familiar with,” Brown said. “Baked goods and snacks are a strong platform for CBD due to the small format, strong flavor profiles that can cover up the unwanted notes of CBD, and the amount of product a consumer would typically ingest. Baked goods and snacks are very consumer-friendly products; they offer an easy way to incorporate functional ingredients into your daily routine.
Although baked goods are great for CBD, Russ Cersosimo, Founder and CMO of Hemp Synergistics, noted that in its raw form, hemp or CBD oil presents several challenges.
“As far as manufacturing is concerned, the oil itself is very viscous, which makes it difficult to work with and dose evenly, and requires the use of chemicals to clean machinery and utensils,” he said. -he declares. “As far as formulation challenges go, CBD oil is extremely bitter, with a chemical taste and an off-putting smell. This has caused the market to search for better and more efficient alternatives to cooking with the oil itself. One of the ways to overcome these issues is to look for a powdered form of CBD oil. Some have been specifically developed for baking.
This article is an excerpt from the August 2022 issue of Baking & Snack. To read the full article on cannabis and CBD, Click here.